Express Entry Immigration to Canada: The Basics

People and families around the globe can migrate to Canada inside only a few months by the Express Entry immigration selection system. Express Entry, first presented in 2015, has become the primary driver of skilled worker immigration to Canada and one of the most famous immigration systems internationally.

Under the 2020-2022 Canada Immigration Levels Plan, in excess of 90,000 individuals will get Canadian permanent residence through Express Entry every year.

What is Express Entry Canada?

Express Entry is an application management system utilized by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to oversee and process applications gained through three of Canada’s federal economic immigration programs for skilled workers.

Express Entry is a serious immigration system, positioning all qualified applicants against each other and afterward inviting the best positioning applicants to apply for Canadian permanent resident status. Applicants are positioned against each other based on their age, education,  language proficiency,  work experience and other elements.

Under Express Entry, people and families who want to live in Canada can turn out to be new permanent residents inside only a few months.

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How Express Entry Canada works – A step-by-step guide


1-Decide Eligibility: Potential candidates will be required to be qualified under one of the  following federal economic immigration programs.

  • The Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC);
  • The Canadian Experience Class (CEC);
  • The Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC).

A segment of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are linked with Express Entry, however applicants need to be qualified under one of the three federal programs in order to enter the Express Entry pool.

Despite the fact that the qualification necessities different for every one of the Express Entry-linked programs, all applicants need to have a minimum one-year of skilled work experience, as well as a specific level of proficiency on an affirmed language test in either English or French. However, Canada screens all Express Entry candidates for criminal history and medical issues that could make an individual forbidden.

  1. Create an Express Entry profile: Qualified people must present an Express Entry profile to the pool of applicants. The Express Entry profile works as an Expression of Interest (EOI).Qualified applicants will automatically gain a score based on their profile and will be positioned against the other applicants in the pool.

The positioning score for Express Entry is based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and is out of 1,200 points. Applicants can better their position by finding a way to improve their CRS score. The higher an applicant’s CRS score, the higher the probability they will get an Invitation to give application (ITA),

The CRS score is utilized as a cut-off point in Express Entry draws. It is drawn to project an applicant’s probability of being economically successful in Canada. It positions various applicants based on their profession and educational history, language expertise, and whether they have already got a qualifying employment offer or provincial nomination in Canada, between other elements.

Applicants can gain extra points if they have a legitimate employment offer from a Canadian manager, or in case they’ve gained a provincial nomination.

  1. Create a job bank profile (optional): Applicants without a employment offer or a provincial nomination may then enlist in the Canada Job Bank, a free public asset used to assist Canadian managers to recognize and choose laborers having the expertise they require. This step used to be compulsory, however became voluntary as of June 2017.
  2. Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA): Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) manages Express Entry draws at regular intervals (typically each two weeks). In these Express Entry draws, applicants above a specific position are invited to give an application for Canadian permanent residence. In case an applicant isn’t invited, their profile will finish after twelve months, at this point they may present a new profile.
  • Improve your CRS score: Applicants in the pool who have not yet been chosen can better their Express Entry profile and score. They can do this by presenting new and refreshed information. Examples incorporate: increased language scores, educational credentials assessments, adding additional work experience, and/or gaining a qualifying employment offer or a provincial nomination.
  1. Submit your application for permanent residence: In case you get an Invitation to give an application (ITA), you will be provided 60 days to present a full application for permanent residence. In this application you will need to also give broad personal information alongside supporting documentation. The whole application is presented electronically.

After you’ve presented your application, you need to wait for a last decision to be provided.80 percent of Express Entry applications are processed in 6 months or fewer. In case your application is accepted, at that point you will get approval to start your permanent resident status in Canada.

What do you need to create your Express Entry profile?

So as to present your Express Entry profile, you will require three important documents. In case you’re keen on Express Entry, assembling these three documents ought to be your initial step:

1-Language Test: All Express Entry applicants must show expertise in either English or French. You need official test scores from an approved language test to present your profile. The at least needed score differs between the three Express Entry-linked programs.

In case you wish to show your expertise in English, your options are the IELTS General Training exam or the CELPIP General test. In case you wish to demonstrate your expertise in French, your options are the TEF test or the TCF exam.

2-Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA): The ECA is an assessment of non-Canadian education by Canadian principles. Prominently, education is just a compulsory necessity for the Federal Skilled Worker Class, however it is suggested that FSTC and CEC applicants also complete an ECA report, as education is a significant segment of the CRS score.

Note: An ECA isn’t needed for educational programs finished in Canada.

3-Passport: A legitimate passport is needed to present an Express Entry profile. In extremely few cases, different recognition documents might be acknowledged when it is not feasible to gain a passport.

When you have these three documents, you will have the option to make your Express Entry profile.

Applying with a spouse or common-law partner: In case you are applying with your spouse or common-law partner, you might wish to analyse your certifications before time. One individual should be recorded as the vital candidate in the Express Entry profile and by far most of the CRS score will be based on the chief candidate’s credentials.

Things to note in your Express Entry Canada application

In case you get an Invitation to Apply, you may present an official application for permanent residence. This application is finished and submitted completely online. Here are a couple of things to remember about the last permanent residence application:

1) You may need to show proof of settlement funds.

All candidates in the FSW and FST C programs must show that they have sufficient cash to help themselves and their family during their stay in Canada.Candidates with a legitimate employment offer in Canada, as well as CEC candidates are absolved from these necessities.

The figures below are in place as of January 1, 2020.

Number of family members Required funds (in CAD)
1 (single applicant) $12,960
2 $16,135
3 $19,836
4 $24,083
5 $27,315
6 $30,806
7 $34,299
For each additional family member, add $3,492

3) “Job Offer” really does mean job offer

A major confusion held by numerous individuals in Canada who are working on LMIA-exempt work permits, for example, the IEC Working Holiday Visas, is that the

“employment offer” that they have from their present manager is equal to what IRCC considers a “legitimate employment offer.”

Whenever you look at the phrase, “legitimate employment offer”, this implies that the employment meets several conditions related to Express Entry.

4) Everything carries over from your Express Entry profile

Did you fudge some months of work experience on your Express Entry profile without knowing the genuine results? Indeed, you’re in for a major amazement…

Most of the significant information that you enter into your Express Entry profile moves automatically into your electronic Permanent Residence (PR) application.

Any progressions you make at this stage could endanger your application.

In consequence, it is imperative to be aware about everything that you enter the first time around. You will be approached to give documentation to help the request you’ve made.

Lying on an immigration application is a genuine offense and can consequently in a five-year restriction from Canada.

5) FSTC and CEC Applicants – get your Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) done!

Despite the fact that the ECA isn’t a necessity for FSTC and CEC, you should even now complete it. When the ECA is finished and added to an Express Entry profile, scores ordinarily increment radically. So in case you’re a FSTC or CEC candidate with a post-secondary certificate, start the ECA process as soon as possible.

How many points do you need to immigrate to Canada through Express Entry

This inquiry is best replied in two sections: before entering the Express Entry pool, and once in the pool.

  • Before entering the Express Entry pool

There are three Canadian immigration programs by which you may become an applicant for Express Entry immigration to Canada: the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), the Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

The FSTC is for eligible tradespersons with current experience in a recorded occupation, and CEC is for individuals with recent skilled Canadian work experience. Neither the FSTC nor the CEC need applicants to fulfil a points necessity to be qualified to present a profile.

The FSWC, then again, is available to individuals around the globe who fulfill a basic points necessity for qualification. Note: this is a totally isolated points system from the CRS score. Under the FSWC points-grid, you have to be granted a minimum of 67 points from 100 so as to enter the Express Entry pool.

  • Once in the Express Entry pool

In the Express Entry pool, applicants — nevertheless of which program they are qualified  under — gain a CRS score. This score decides where a member applicant positions in the Express Entry pool. When IRCC manages an Express Entry draw, this score is the fundamental deciding component to decide which applicants are invited to give an application for permanent residence. CRS cut-off thresholds for FSW and CEC applicants have been as less as 413 points before, with cut-off thresholds for FSTC applicants having been even fewer than that  on occasion.

Nonetheless, kindly note that the CRS cut-off thresholds are not pre-decided, and that the threshold is liable to change for various Express Entry draws.At last, there is no harsh or written number of points you have to migrate to Canada through Express Entry, however past draws give a sign of which applicants have the best opportunities of being invited to give an application, based on CRS score.

How much does it cost to immigrate to Canada through Express Entry?

See the table underneath for a review of the expenses related with Express Entry immigration to Canada.

This table may not add all expenses. Incremental costs for shipping, etc. are also not included.

Before entering the pool

Item Cost Is this required, or optional?
Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) $200+ Required for FSWC candidates, and recommended for FSTC & CEC candidates, who studied outside Canada
Language test(s) $200+ Required

Other items and costs

(These items or services may also be obtained before entering the pool, but are not required for that stage)

Item Cost Is this required, or optional?
Police clearance certificate(s) Depends on the country. May range from free service to up to $100 or more. Required
Medical report $200+ Required
Representation by a lawyer or regulated consultant Ranges, but fees typically range from $2,000 to $5,000 Optional

Government fees

Item Cost Is this required, or optional?
Processing fee $825 Required
Right of permanent residence fee $500 Required
Addition of accompanying spouse/partner $825 for processing fee, $500 for right of permanent residence Required, if applicable
Addition of dependent child(ren) $225 per child Required, if applicable


How long does it take for Express Entry immigration to Canada

Express Entry is a system drawn to give quick immigration to Canada. For qualified applicants who gain an invitation to give an application(ITA) soon after entering the pool, and who at that point rapidly present a full application, the whole process may take 6 months, or even fewer.Nonetheless, the following factors may expand this timeline and ought be taken in to considered:

  • While a few applicants are invited soon after entering the Express Entry pool,other applicants, reliant on their CRS score and CRS cut-off thresholds in Express Entry draws, may just get an ITA months after, or not at all.
  • Some invited applicants might be prepared to give an application for immigration to Canada after being invited, while others may require a greater of the 60 days allotted.
  • While IRCC goals to process applications within 6 months, a few applications may take more time, and decisions on further applications may take fewer than 6 months.

How can you get more information on Express Entry Canada?

We have drawn the Express Entry Roadmap: a free service drawn to notify you about the Express Entry process so that you can be authorized to make better decisions when it comes to your immigration.